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What is HTML

Topic #1 : - What is HTML?

  1. HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language
  2. HTML elements (paragraph, heading etc) is a building block of web pages
  3. HTML is written in Tags (<p> paragraph is here</p>)
  4. HTML tags which are written in smaller and greater than the sign that not get displayed by our browsers (Google chrome, Firefox, Safari etc..)
  5. This is written to define that this document is HTML 5 
  6. HTML 5 - It is the latest version of HTML which arrived in our technology world in 2014
  7. It is written to define that is the main pillar or root of this document
  8. It is part of HTML body where whatever we write it is displayed by browsers.
  9.  Whereas head section doesn't display its contents.   

HTML - what we can do, we can create a basic website. If we mix HTML with CSS we may design a beautiful website. Popular sites like Facebook, Flipkart, Examdoor, MonsterIndia have used CSS for designing their website. Now HTML is must for any web page. HTML is like the skeleton which is the base for a web page. Now can we make a dynamic website using HTML, yes we can make but we have to add some of the advanced codings like PHP, Jquery as Facebook have used PHP in it to make it more dynamic? Some of the newbie CSS has come to market like W3 CSS, Bootstrap which also can be used in HTML. What we can be built using HTML and CSS, we can create beautiful navigation menus both Horizontal and vertically align. 

HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language, We implement HTML  to create web pages. 

For example, human being is made of a skeleton which supports human body to stand, sit and all other daily activities. 
Similarly, HTML is building a block of a web page:
  • It gives a rigid or flexible shape to a web page  
Now through HTML hyperlinks, we interconnect the web pages to build a website which we upload to a live server through FTP software to make it live for all over the world.

Some points to remember about HTML:- 

LINE 1 : Here in First line We write <!DOCTYPE html>
LINE 2 : 2nd Line <html> 
LINE 3 : 3rd Line <head>
This line is for search engines, quick description for us.
LINE 4: It is the Title written inside the head section of <title>
the title of the webpage  (  Sarkari Naukri Railway ) See above in blue arrow </title>

LINE 5: Line 5 indicates the closing of head section ( </head> )

LINE 6: Line 6 is starting section of body

LINE 7 and LINE 8: We will discuss later in different classes.

LINE 9 : </body> indicates the closing of body section.

LINE 10 : </html> indicates the closing of full HTML document.

Where and how to edit or make an HTML document:-

There are different editors for editing and creating an HTML document, But as a starter, i will recommend using normal notepad or notepad++ which will help you to learn HTML briefly
How to open notepad in both windows and Mac book:
In Windows 7 - Start Menu  > Programs > Accessories > Notepad In Windows 8  or 10 -
You will get a search bar with placeholder like Ask me anything, Just type notepad